CS-Foundation Overview

CS Foundation Subjects are Business Environment and Entrepreneurship, Business Management, Ethics and Communication, Business Economics and Fundamentals of Accounting and Auditing. The course gave by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (I.C.S.I) is a blend of postal educational cost and discretionary instructing classes.

About Our Company

The main purpose of company secretaries is to ensure that the company complies with all legal codes, performing duties often attributed to legal advisers. The job entails a wide variety of duties that may vary depending on who a company secretary ends up working for.

Most Company secretaries work for individual corporations. Their main purpose is to specialize in that particular company’s departments and make sure they are working in accordance with the laws of the land. However, some experienced company secretaries prefer working on a freelance basis, being contracted for short periods by different companies.

What are the Course Objectives

  • An in-house legal expert; a compliance officer of the Company.
  • An expert in corporate laws, securities laws & capital market and corporate governance
  • Chief advisor to the board of directors on best practices in corporate  governance
  • Responsible for all regulatory compliances of company
  • Corporate planner and strategic manager

CS Foundation Course Certification

  • Secretary’s Certificate: Lending.
  • Secretary’s Certificate: Mergers & Acquisitions.
  • Omnibus Secretary’s Certificate: Lending.
  • Certificate of the Company’s Secretary: Public Debt Offerings.
  • Certificate of the Company’s Secretary: Public Equity Offerings.

    Business Environment

  • Introduction and Features
  • Concepts of Vision & Mission Statements
  • Types of Environment:
  • Internal to the Enterprise
  • Value System, Management Structure and Nature, Human Resource, Company Image and Brand Value, Physical Assets, Facilities, Research & Development, Intangibles, Competitive Advantage
  • External to the Enterprise
  • Micro: Suppliers, Customers, Market Intermediaries
  • Macro: Demography, Natural, Legal & Political, Technological, Economy, Competition, Socio-Cultural and International
  • Business Environment with reference to Global Integration
  1. Forms of Business Organization

  • Sole Proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Company
  • Statutory Bodies and Corporations
  • HUF and Family Business
  • Cooperatives, Societies, and Trusts
  • Limited Liability Partnership
  • Other Forms of Organisations
  1. Scales of Business

  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  • Large Scale Enterprises and Public Enterprises
  • MNCs
  1. Emerging Trends in Business Concepts, Advantages and Limitations

  • Network Marketing
  • Franchising
  • Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
  • E-Commerce
  • M-Commerce
  1. Business Functions

    • Strategic: Planning, Budgetary Control, R&D, Location of a Business, Factors affecting location, Decision Making and Government Policy
  • Supply Chain: Objectives, Importance, Limitations, Steps, Various Production Processes
  • Finance: Nature, Scope, Significance of Financial Management, Financial Planning (Management Decisions – Sources of Funds, Investments of Funds, Distribution of Profits)
  • Marketing: Concept, Difference between Marketing and Selling, Marketing Mix, Functions of Marketing
  • Human Resources: Nature, Objectives, Significance
  • Services: Legal, Secretarial, Accounting, Administration, Information and Communication Technology
  1. Entrepreneurship

  • Introduction to Concept of Entrepreneurship, Traits of Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship: Who is an Entrepreneur, Why Entrepreneurship
  • Types of Entrepreneurs – Idealist, Optimizer, Hard Worker, Sustainer, Improver, Advisor, Superstar, Artist, Visionary, Analyst, Fireball, Juggler, Hero, Healer
  • Distinction Between Entrepreneur and Manager
  • Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship: Definition, Features, Examples, and Difference
  1. Entrepreneurship – Creativity, and Innovation

  • Entrepreneurial Venture Initiation: Sensing Entrepreneurial Opportunities, Environment Scanning, Market Assessment
  • Assessment of Business Opportunities: Identification of Entrepreneurial Opportunities, Selection of an Enterprise, Steps in setting up of an Enterprise
  • Entrepreneurial Motivation: Meaning and Concept, Process of Achievement Motivation, Self-efficacy, Creativity, Risk Taking, Leadership, Communication and Influencing Ability, Mentoring and Planning Action
  • Developing Effective Business Plan
  1. Growth & Challenges of Entrepreneurial Venture

  • Strategic Planning for Emerging Venture: Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Contemporary Business Environment
  • Financing the Entrepreneurial Business: Resource Assessment— Financial and Non-Financial, Fixed and Working Capital Requirement, Funds Flow, Sources and Means of Finance
  • Managing the Growing Business: Effecting Change, Modernization, Expansion, and Diversification

    Nature and Scope of Economics

    • Economics: Definition, Nature and Scope; Micro and Macro Economics; Positive and Normative Economics; Central Problems of an Economy; Production Possibility Curve and Opportunity Cost; Working of Economic Systems (Capitalistic Economy, Socialistic Economy, Mixed Economy); Economic Cycles; Inflation and Recession

    Theory of Demand and Supply

    • Utility Analysis – Total Utility and Marginal Utility; Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility; Law of Equi-Marginal Utility; Consumers’ Equilibrium; Law of Demand & Elasticity of Demand; Law of Supply & Elasticity of Supply; Demand and Supply Equilibrium; Theory of Consumer’s Behaviour – Marshallian Approach and Indifference Curve Approach

    Theory of Production, Costs and Revenue

    • Meaning and Factors of Production; Returns to Factor and Returns to Scale; Cost Concepts and Cost Curves; Revenue Concepts and Revenue Curves; Producers’ Equilibrium

    Forms of Markets and its Equilibrium

    • Forms of Markets – Meaning and Characteristics
    • Price and Output Determination – Equilibrium for Firm and Industry under
    • Perfect Competition
    • Monopoly
    • Monopolistic Competition

    Money and Banking

    • Concept of Money – Functions; Quantity Theory of Money; Credit Creation
    • Central Bank (Reserve Bank of India) – Role and Functions
    • Commercial Banks – Role and Functions
    • Monetary Policy in India

    Basic Characteristics of Indian Economy

    • Development Initiatives through Five Year Plans
    • Agriculture
    • Causes of Low Productivity
    • Farm Size-Productivity Debate
    • Land Reforms: Meaning, Importance and Evaluation
    • Green Revolution and its Effects
    • Globalisation and Indian Agriculture
    • Industry
    • Development Policies and Experience
    • Industrial Policy Resolutions
    • New Industrial Policy 1991

    Selected Areas of Indian Economy

    • Population – Size, Rate of Growth and its Implication for Growth
    • Poverty – Absolute and Relative Poverty and Main Programs for Poverty Alleviation
    • Unemployment – Types, Causes and Incidence of Unemployment
    • Infrastructure – Energy, Transportation, Communication, Health and Education


    Statistics: An Overview

    • Definition and Functions of Statistic; Statistical Techniques Commonly used in Business Activities; Law of Statistics; Limitations of Statistics

    Collection and Presentation of Statistical Data

    • Primary and Secondary Data; Classification and Tabulation of Data; Frequency Distribution of Data; Diagrams and Graphs

    Measures of Central Tendency

    • Mean
    • Median
    • Mode
    • Standard Deviation

    Mathematics of Finance

    • Simple Interest
    • Compound Interest
    • Present Value & Future Value of an Annuity


    • Sample Spaces, Events and Probability
    • Set Theory: Union, Intersection, and Complement of Events
    • Conditional Probability, Intersection, and Expected Value
    • Random Variable, Probability Distribution, and Expectation

    Index Numbers and Time Series Analysis

    Familiarization with the concepts relating to Index Numbers and Time Series (Simple Numerical Problems)

  1. Introduction to Law

  • Meaning of Law and its Significance; Relevance of Law to Modern Civilized Society; Sources of Law; Legal Terminology and Maxims; Understanding Citation of Cases
  1. Elements of Company Law

  • Meaning and Nature of Company; Promotion and Incorporation of a Company; Familiarization with the Concept of Board of Directors, Shareholders and Company Meetings; Company Secretary; E-Governance
  1. Elements of Law relating to Partnership

  • Nature of Partnership and Similar Organisations – Co-Ownership, HUF; Partnership Deed; Rights and Liabilities of Partners: New Admitted, Retiring and Deceased Partners; Implied Authority of Partners and its Scope; Registration of Firms; Dissolution of Firms and Partnership
  1. Elements of Law relating to Contract

  • Contract – Meaning; Essentials of a Valid Contract; Nature and Performance of Contract; Termination and Discharge of Contract; Indemnity and Guarantee; Bailment and Pledge; Law of Agency
  1. Elements of Law relating to Sale of Goods

  • Essentials of a Contract of Sale; Sale Distinguished from Agreement to Sell, Bailment, Contract for Work and Labour and Hire-Purchase; Conditions and Warranties; Transfer of Title by Non-Owners; Doctrine of Caveat Emptor; Performance of the Contract of Sale; Rights of Unpaid Seller
  1. Elements of Law relating to Negotiable Instruments

  • Definition of a Negotiable Instrument; Instruments Negotiable by Law and by Custom; Types of Negotiable Instruments; Parties to a Negotiable Instrument – Duties, Rights, Liabilities, and Discharge; Material Alteration; Crossing of Cheques; Payment and Collection of Cheques and Demand Drafts; Presumption of Law as to Negotiable Instruments

  • Nature of Management and its Process
  • Planning
  • Organisation
  • Human Resource Management
  • Direction and Coordination
  • Controlling
  • Recent Trends in Management
  • Change Management
  • Crisis Management
  • Total Quality Management
  • Risk Management
  • Global Practices

    Business Ethics

  • Genesis, Concepts, Elements, Ethics in Business
  • Challenges of Business Ethics and Corporate Leadership
  • Ethical Principles in Business – Indian Perspective

    Business Communication

  • Concept, Features, Importance, Limitations; Means of Communication — Written, Oral, Visual, Audio-Visual
  • Principles and Essentials of Business Communication
  • Process of Communication
  • Barriers to Communication
  1. Essentials of Good English

  • Grammar and Usage; Enriching Vocabulary, Words – Multiple Meaning, Single Word for a Group of Words – Choice of Words – Words Frequently Mis-spelt; Punctuations, Prefix and Suffix; Parts of Speech; Articles; Synonyms and Antonyms; Tenses; Idioms and Phrases; Foreign Words and Phrases commonly used; Abbreviations and Numerals; Pronunciation. Latin, French and Roman words which are used in abbreviated form like “e.g., RSVP, viz. etc.”
  1. Business Correspondence

  • Human Resource: Preparation of Resume, Job application, Drafting of Interview Letters, Call Letters and Offer of Appointment, Provisional and Final Appointment Orders; Goodwill Messages, Condolence Letters
  • Purchase: Requests for Quotations, Tenders, Samples and Drawings; Purchase Order, Order Acceptance, Complaints and Follow-Up
  • Sales: Drafting of Sales Letters, Circulars, Preparation of Sale Notes, Sales Reports, Sales Promotion Matters, Customers’ Correspondence – Regarding Dues, Follow-up Letters
  • Accounts: Correspondence with Various Agencies; Banks – Regarding OverDrafts, Cash Credits and Account Current, Insurance Companies – Regarding Payment, Renewal of Insurance Premium, Claims and their Settlement
  • Secretarial: Correspondence with Shareholders and Debenture-Holders Pertaining to Dividend and Interest, Transfer and Transmission, Stock Exchanges, Registrar of Companies and Various Authorities like Reserve Bank of India, SEBI
  • Introduction to Preparation of Agenda and Minutes for Meetings
  1. Administration

    • Drafting of Messages; Messages through Electronic Media; Public Notices and Invitations; Representations to Trade Associations, Chambers of Commerce and Public Authorities

    Interdepartmental Communication

    • Internal Memos; Office Circulars; Office Orders; Office Notes; Representation to Chief Executive and Replies thereto; Communication with Regional/Branch Offices
    • Preparation of Press Releases
    • E-Correspondence

    Theoretical Framework

    • Meaning and Scope of Accounting; Accounting Concepts; Accounting Principles, Conventions and Standards – Concepts, Objectives, Benefits; Accounting Policies; Accounting as a Measurement Discipline – Valuation Principles, Accounting Estimates

    Accounting Process

    • Documents & Books of Accounts: Invoice, Vouchers, Debit & Credit Notes, Day Books, Journals, Ledgers and Trial Balance
    • Capital and Revenue: Expenditures and Receipts; Contingent Assets and Contingent Liabilities
    • Rectification of Errors

    Bank Reconciliation Statement

    • Meaning; Causes of difference between Bank Book Balance and Balance as per Bank Pass Book / Bank Statement; Need of Bank Reconciliation Statement; Procedure for Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement

    Depreciation Accounting

    • Methods, Computation and Accounting Treatment of Depreciation; Change in Depreciation Methods

    Preparation of Final Accounts for Sole Proprietors

    • Preparation of Profit & Loss Account, Balance Sheet

    Partnership Accounts

    • Goodwill
    • Nature of Goodwill and Factors affecting Goodwill
    • Methods of Valuation: Average Profit, Super Profit and Capitalization Methods
    • Treatment of Goodwill
    • Final Accounts of Partnership Firms
    • Admission of a Partner
    • Retirement/Death of a Partner
    • Dissolution of a Partnership Firm

    Introduction to Company Accounts

    • Issue of Shares and Debentures; Forfeiture of Shares; Re-Issue of Forfeited Shares; Redemption of Preference Shares



    • Concepts and Objectives
    • Principles of Auditing
    • Types of Audit
    • Evidence in Auditing
    • Audit Programmes

    Audits and Auditor’s Reports

    • Internal Audit
    • Statutory Auditor: Appointment, Qualification, Rights and Duties
    • Secretarial Audit: An Overview
    • Cost Audit: An Overview
    • Auditor’s Report: Meanings, Contents, Types, Qualifications



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